The second unit, Natural and Built Environments, provides students with instruction on important dimensions of the natural environment and the human impact on these systems through application of tools from planning to shape the built environment and from public health to address health. A highlight of this unit is a service learning group project where students apply lessons from environmental planning, transportation planning and environmental health to a local issue. Six weeks are devoted to teaching this unit.
LEARNING GOAL Application. Identify contemporary features of the built environment such as patterns of development, parks, public works projects, houses, and transportation systems that reflect past efforts to influence health, and use methods developed by architects, urban planners, public health professionals, sociologists and anthropologists to address current health impacts of the built environment.
- Land Use and Transportation
- Planning Design Approaches
- Environmental Impact Assessments
- Health Impact Assessments
- Indoor and Outdoor Air Quality
- Water Quality
- Food Security
Suggested Readings Books (select chapters)
- Frumkin H, Frank L, Jackson R. Urban sprawl and public health: designing, planning, and building for healthy communities. Washington DC: Island Press, 2004.
- Kawachi I, Berkman LF. Neighborhoods and health. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2003.
- Morris M, Duncan R, Hannaford K, et al. Integrating planning and public health. Chicago: APA Planning Advisory Service, 2006.
- Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Barriers to walking and bicycling to school: United States, 2004. MMWR. 2005;54(38):949-52.
- Dannenberg AL, Bhatia R, Cole BL, Heaton SK, Feldman JD, Rutt CD. Use of Health Impact Assessment in the United States: 27 Case Studies, 1999–2007. Am J Prev Med 2008;34(3):241-56.
- Evans L. A New Traffic Safety Vision for the United States. Am J Public Health 2003; 93(9):1384-1386. * Please note website visitors have questioned the inclusion of this article in the curriculum given its emphasis on individual behavior rather than inclusion of the need to address the environment as a component of traffic safety. The article remains on the site to provide multiple viewpoints for discussion purposes. Note, Evans’ perspective may relate to his 33-year tenure with General Motors Corporation.
- Friedman MS, Powell KE, Hutwagner L, Graham LM, Teague WG. Impact of changes in transportation and commuting behaviors during the 1996 summer Olympic Games in Atlanta on air quality and childhood asthma. JAMA 2001;285(7):897-905.
- Giles-Corti B, Donovan RJ. Relative influences of individual, social environmental and physical environmental correlates of walking. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9):1583-9.
- Lucy WH. Mortality risk associated with leaving home: recognizing the relevance of the built environment. Am J Public Health 2003; 93(9):1564-1569.
- Pucher J, Dijkstra L. Promoting safe walking and cycling to improve public health: lessons from the Netherlands and Germany. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(9):1509-16.
- Trowbridge MJ, Gurka MJ, O’Connor RE. Urban Sprawl and Delayed Ambulance Arrival in the U.S. Am J Pre Med 2009;37(5):428-432. (**NEW ADDITION**)
- Twiss J, Dickinson J, Duma S, Kleinman T, Paulsen H, Rilveria L. Community gardens: lessons learned from California Healthy Cities and Communities. Am J Public Health 2003;93(9): 1435-41.
In and Out of Class Assignments
- Service-learning group project
- Activity diary
- Transit use