1) Smart growth means using comprehensive planning to guide, design, develop, revitalize and build communities for all that: 1) have a unique sense of community and place; 2) preserve and enhance valuable natural and cultural resources; 3) equitably distribute the costs and benefits of development; 4) expand the range of transportation, employment and housing choices in a fiscally responsible manner; 5) value long-range, regional considerations of sustainability over short term incremental geographically isolated actions; and 6) promotes public health and healthy communities. Compact, transit accessible, pedestrian-oriented, mixed use development patterns and land reuse epitomize the application of the principles of smart growth. In contrast to prevalent development practices, Smart Growth refocuses a larger share of regional growth within central cities, urbanized areas, inner suburbs, and areas that are already served by infrastructure. Smart Growth reduces the share of growth that occurs on newly urbanizing land, existing farmlands, and in environmentally sensitive areas. In areas with intense growth pressure, development in newly urbanizing areas should be planned and developed according to Smart Growth principles. 2)A set of policies and programs design to protect, preserve, and economically develop established communities and valuable natural and cultural resources. 3) Based on the experience of communities around the nation that have used smart growth approaches to create and maintain great neighborhoods, the Smart Growth Network developed a set of ten basic principles: a) Mix land uses; b) Take advantage of compact building design; c) Create a range of housing opportunities and choices; d) Create walkable neighborhoods; e) Foster distinctive, attractive communities with a strong sense of place; f) Preserve open space, farmland, natural beauty, and critical environmental areas; g) Strengthen and direct development towards existing communities; h) Provide a variety of transportation choices; i) Make development decisions predictable, fair, and cost effective; and j) Encourage community and stakeholder collaboration in development decisions. 4) Smart growth is growth that helps to achieve these six goals: 1) Neighborhood Livability The central goal of any smart growth plan is the quality of the neighborhoods where we live. They should be safe, convenient, attractive, and affordable for all people. Sprawl development too often forces trade-offs between these goals. Some neighborhoods are safe but not convenient. Others are convenient but not affordable. Too many affordable neighborhoods are not safe. Careful planning can help bring all these elements together; 2) Better Access, Less Traffic One of the major downfalls of sprawl is traffic. By putting jobs, homes and other destinations far apart and requiring a car for every trip, sprawl makes everyday tasks a chore. Smart growths emphasis on mixing land uses, clustering development, and providing multiple transportation choices helps us manage congestion, pollute less and save energy. Those who want to drive can, but people who would rather not drive everywhere or don't own a car have other choices; 3) Thriving Cities, Suburbs And Towns Smart growth puts the needs of existing communities first. By guiding development to already built-up areas, money for investments in transportation, schools, libraries and other public services can go to the communities where people live today. This is especially important for neighborhoods that have inadequate public services and low levels of private investment. It is also critical for preserving what makes so many places specialattractive buildings, historic districts and cultural landmarks; 4)Shared Benefits Sprawl leaves too many people behind. Divisions by income and race have allowed some areas to prosper while others languish. As basic needs such as jobs, education and health care become less plentiful in some communities, residents have diminishing opportunities to participate in their regional economy. Smart growth enables all residents to be beneficiaries of prosperity; 5) Lower Costs, Lower Taxes Sprawl costs money. Opening up green space to new development means that the cost of new schools, roads, sewer lines, and water supplies will be borne by residents throughout metro areas. Sprawl also means families have to own more cars and drive them further. This has made transportation the second highest category of household spending, just behind shelter. Smart growth helps on both fronts. Taking advantage of existing infrastructure keeps taxes down. And where convenient transportation choices enable families to rely less on driving, theres more money left over for other things, like buying a home or saving for college; and 6) Keeping Open Space Open By focusing development in already built-up areas, smart growth preserves rapidly vanishing natural treasures. From forests and farms to wetlands and wildlife, smart growth lets us pass on to our children the landscapes we love. Communities are demanding more parks that are conveniently located and bring recreation within reach of more people. Also, protecting natural resources will provide healthier air and cleaner drinking water.