1) The combination of mainly physical measures that reduce the negative effects of motor vehicle use and improve conditions for non-motorized street users. However, the term traffic calming also applies to a number of transportation techniques developed to educate the public and provide awareness to unsafe driver behavior. As traffic calming techniques often differ, techniques include police enforcement and education only in some areas. In others, it means the employment of speed humps only, while in others it means the possible use of a wide array of techniques and devices; 2) Traffic Calming is the combination of mainly physical measures that reduce the negative effects of motor vehicle use, alter driver behavior and improve conditions for non-motorized street users. Traffic calming goals include: 1)increasing the quality of life; 2) incorporating the preferences and requirements of the people using the area (e.g., working, playing, residing) along the street(s), or at intersection(s); 3) creating safe and attractive streets; 4)helping to reduce the negative effects of motor vehicles on the environment (e.g., pollution, sprawl); and 5) promoting pedestrian, cycle and transit use. Traffic calming objectives include: 1) achieving slow speeds for motor vehicles, 2) reducing collision frequency and severity, 3) increasing the safety and the perception of safety for non-motorized users of the street(s), 4) reducing the need for police enforcement, 5) enhancing the street environment (e.g., street scaping), 6)encouraging water infiltration into the ground, 7) increasing access for all modes of transportation, and 8) reducing cut-through motor vehicle traffic.